Anjuman-i-Islam, Mumbai, is perhaps the oldest and largest Muslim Institution working in the field of modern education in India. It was founded in 1874 (a year before Sir Syed established Madrasatul Uloom in 1875 at Aligarh) by a small group of highly educated and wealthy Muslims from the then Bombay led by Badruddin Tayabji. The group gathered at Badruddin Tayabji’s house and the blueprint was prepared. The gathering included the three founders of Anjuman-i-Islam: Badruddin Tayabji, Camruddin Tayabji and Philanthropist Nakhuda Mohammed Ali Roghay. Besides these social worker Munshi Ghulam Mohammed and few others were also present. The group decided to start a school. Munshi Ghulam Mohammed had already travelled to North Indian cities such as Delhi and Lahore where Muslims had already established schools named Anjuman, hence the inspiration to name it Anjuman I Islam. Money was also collected for the purpose on the occasion. Out of the total collection of 36000 Indian rupees, Nakhuda Mohammad Ali Roghay donated 10000 rupees while Badruddin Tayabji donated 7500 rupees to start a school for Muslim (Anjuman-i-Islam, 2013). In todays terms, these were substantial donations. Of the three founders, Badruddin Tayabji is most well known. He was the first Indian Judge of the Bombay High Court and third president of the Indian National Congress (Anjuman-i-Islam, 2020; Wajihuddin, M., 2019). Camruddin Tayabji is the elder brother of Badruddin Tayabji was the first Indian Solicitor. Mohammad Ali Roghay was one of the leading merchants of Bombay at that time. He was trading partner of Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy and made his fortune in country trade with China. He owned a number of ships, hence the title Nakhuda, which in Urdu means Captain of ship or seafaring master (Ranganathan, M., 2019).
Anjuman’s journey started in February 1874 with one school which had three teachers and 120 students. As the number of students arose, a permanent building was required. The foundation of the present day main building was laid by the then Bombay Governor, Lord Reay, on 31 May 1890. The building was completed and inaugurated on 27 February 1893 by the then Governor of Bombay, George Harris (Wajihuddin, 2019).
An important milestone in the story of Anjuman-i-Islam was the establishment of Karimi library. It was established in 1898 by Kazi Abdul Karim Pulbandari who was owner of various publishing houses such as Karimi Press and Matba Fat-hul Karim in Mumbai. He gave a house valued 25000 Indian rupees that time in Mumbai as Waqf for the upkeep of the library (Nadvi, H., 1950).
Later it was one of the grandsons of Badruddin Tayabji, Saif Tayabji, who contributed to the development of Anjuman-i-Islam. He became member of committee of Anjuman-i-Islam in 1935 and became secretary in 1936 (Qureshi, A., 1958). Saif Tayabji was a Mathematician and a Judge. He was also a Member of Parliament. He strongly felt that lack of English education had hurt Muslims badly. He suggested that Muslims should ask for technical and commercial education rather then study humanities. He felt that by studying humanities Muslims would only join the ranks of educated unemployed (Guha, R., 2007). He was also the moving spirit behind the establishment of Urdu Research Institute in 1946 (Qureshi, A., 1958).
Today Anjuman runs educational institutions all over Maharashtra and has presence at places such as Mumbai, Navi Mumbai, New Panvel, Matheran, Pune, Panchgani, Solapur and Raigad (aiarkp, 2020).
The latest expansion of Anjuman-i-Islam has come up in Panvel, Mumbai. A new technical campus has come up over 10.50 acres with more than 2.36 lakh square feet of built up area. The cost of the technical campus at 75 crore Indian rupees was donated by Abdul Razzak Kalsekar (Ummid, 2015, Anjuman-i-Islam Kalsekar, 2020).
Anjuman has been lucky to have dedicated staff. However, the enrolment in Urdu medium schools is dropping by the day. There are cases where individual teachers have gone beyond the call of duty to work for increasing the enrolment in Urdu medium schools to stop the closure of the school (Shaikh,A.,2019). However, there seems to be realisation among middle class Muslims families that Urdu may be important for cultural reasons but not for market and jobs as it is not embedded with the economic opportunities. In many cases, even those involved in the management of Urdu medium schools send their wards to English medium schools (Shaban, A., 2014). This is not confined to Mumbai or Maharashtra but happening all over the country (Shah, R., 2019). There have been instances where the enrolment in Urdu medium schools has increased as the Bombay Municipal Corporation has taken a number of steps (Sigh, D., 2018). However, the long term trend does not look positive for Urdu medium schools. Already a number of Urdu of medium schools in Maharashtra are semi Urdu. Semi Urdu schools teach Mathematics and Sciences in English while other subjects are taught in Urdu It is about time that the management at Anjuman-i-Islam think long and hard about the fate of Urdu schools. Strategy should be made to convert Urdu medium schools run by the Anjuman-i-Islam to English medium before the market forces compel it to take the decision in a hurry. However, it should be ensured that there is proper and adequate provision for the teaching of Urdu as a language.
For references and further reading, please see:
Anjuman I Islam. Available at: http://.anjumanislam.org/about/us. Accessed on 24 October 2020.
Anjuman-i-Islam (2013) Anjuman-i-Islam Mumbai – Reaching out, Touching Lives. Corporate Brochure, Mumbai.
Anjuman-i-Islam Kalsekar (2020) Available at: http://aiarkp.org/about-us/anjuman-i-islam. Accessed on 26 October 2020.
Dalvi, A. S. (2011) Bambai ke qadeem kutub khaney aur karimi library. Vol. /60, No. 3—4, pp. 4-15
Guha, Ramachandra (2007) India after Gandhi, pp. 370-71. London: Pan Macmillan Limited.
Nadvi, Hamidullah (1959) Karimi Library. Nawa e Adab. January, Vol. 1, No.1, pp. 73-79
NRInews24x7 (2015, October 10) India’s largest Muslim educational organization, Anjuman-I-Islam Mumbai. Available at: ttps://nrinews24x7.com/indias-largest-muslim-educational-organization-anjuman-i-islam-mumbai/. Accessed on 24 October 2020.
Qureshi, Abdulrazzaq (1958) Saifuddin Tayabji Marhoom. January. Vol. 9, No. 1 , pp. 4-4 (dal).
Ranganathan, Murali (2019) Mohammad Ali Roghay – Life and times of a Bombay Country Trader, In Kidambi, Prashant et. al. (2019) Bombay before Mumbai. Penguin Random House India
Shaban, Abdus (2014) Urdu medium schools in Maharashtra – An Assessment of their Infrastructure and Possibility of Developing them in Model Schools. Tata Institute of Social Sciences. Available at: https://mdd.maharashtra.gov.in/Site/Upload/Pdf/Combined_Urdu_medium_Schools_report.pdf. Accessed on 30 October 2020
Shah, Rajiv (2019) Muslim elite ‘promote’ English, regional languages: Just 0.8% enroll in Urdu schools. Counterview, 15 October. Available at: https://www.counterview.net/2019/10/muslim-elite-promote-english-regional.html. Accessed on 30 October 2020.
Shaikh, Aftab (2019) Hero teacher Shaheen Shah saves Anjuman-i-Islam’s Primary Urdu School in Nagpada from closure by raising its strength from 50 to 200, Mumbai Mirror India Times, June 27. Available at: https://mumbaimirror.indiatimes.com/mumbai/civic/hero-teacher-strives-and-spends-to-keep-school-afloat/articleshow/69966626.cms#:~:text=Senior%2Dmost%20teacher%20Shaheen%20Shah,has%20enrolled%2060%20new%20students.&text=The%20lure%3A%20the%20brand%2C%20school,draw%20even%20a%20single%20admission. Accessed on 30 October 2020.
Singh, Dipti (2018) Enrolment in BMC-run Urdu, Hindi medium schools goes up. Indian Express, 31 July. Available at: https://indianexpress.com/article/cities/mumbai/enrolment-in-bmc-run-urdu-hindi-medium-schools-goes-up-5283919/. Accessed on 30 October 2020.
Ummid (2015) Philanthropist Abdul Razzak Kalsekar dies at 84. August 11. Available at: https://www.ummid.com/news/2015/August/11.08.2015/abdur-razak-kalsekar-dead.html. Accessed on 29 October 2020
Wajihuddin, Mohammad (2019) Anjuman has shaped minds for 145 years, to recall glorious past on founders day. The Times of India, February 17. Available at: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mumbai/anjuman-has-shaped-minds-for-145-yrs-to-recall-glorious-past-on-founders-day/articleshow/68029013.cms. Accessed on 18 October 2020
(List of Educational Institutions run by Anjuman-i-Islam)
List of Pre Primary Schools
– Anjuman Islam’s Allana English Pre-Primary School, C.S.T.
– Anjuman Islam’s Akbar Peerbhoy English Nursery, C.S.T.
– Anjuman Islam’s Ahmed Sailor Pre-Primary School, Nagpada, Mumbai
– Anjuman Islam’s Abdus Sattar Shuaib Pre-Primary School, Maulana Shaukat Ali Road, Mumbai
– Anjuman Islam’s Begum Sharifa Kalsekar Girls’ English Pre- Primary School, Belasis Road, Mumbai
– Anjuman Islam’s Saif Tyabji Girls’ Pre- Primary School., Belasis Road, Mumbai
– Anjuman Islam’s Khalifa Ziauddin Girls’ Pre-Primary School , Mahim.
– Anjuman Islam’s Allana Urdu Pre-Primary School, Kurla
– Anjuman Islam’s Allana English Pre-Primary School, Kurla
– Anjuman Islam’s Fazilabai Abdul Sattar Oomer Pre-Primary School
– Anjuman Islam’s Pre- Primary School, English Medium, Versova
– Anjuman – I – Islam’s Zubeida Talib Urdu Pre-Primary School
– Anjuman Islam’s Abdul Azim Khatkhatay English Pre-Primary School, Vashi, Mumbai
– Anjuman Islam’s Ahmed Peermohammed English Medium Pre-Primary School, Pune
– Anjuman Islam’s Noor Nursery Urdu School, Pune
List of primary schools
– Anjuman-I-Islam’s Ahmed Sailor Primary School, Nagpada
– Anjuman-I-Islam Abdus Sattar Shuaib Primary School, Maulana Shaukat Ali Road, Mumbai
– Anjuman-I-Islam’s Saif Tyabji Girls’ Primary & Pre-Primary School
– Anjuman-I-Islam’s Khalifa Ziauddin Girls’ Primary School – Mahim
– Anjuman-I-Islam’s Urdu Primary School, Kurla
– Anjuman-I-Islam’s Fazilabai Abdus Sattar Oomer primary School Urdu Medium, Andheri (W), Mumbai
– Anjuman – I – Islam’s Zubeida Talib Urdu Primary School, Navi Mumbai
– Anjuman-I-Islam Vm & Dm Pm Urdu Primary School, Pune
– Anjuman-I-Islam’s Allana English Primary School
– Anjuman-I-Islam’s Begum Sharifa Kalsekar Girls’ Primary English School
– Anjuman-I-Islam’s Allana English Primary School, Kurla
– Anjuman-I-Islam’s Primary School, English Medium
– Anjuman-I-Islam’s Abdul Azim Khatkhatay English Primary School
– Anjuman-I-Islam’s Ahmed Peermohammed English Medium Primary School
– Anjuman-I-Islam Public School, Panchgani
List of secondary schools
– Anjuman –I- Islam’s Badruddin Tayabji Urdu High School, CST
– Anjuman –I- Islam’s Ahmad Sailor High School
– Anjuman –I- Islam’s Jan Mohd. Cassum High School of Commerce Maulana Shaukat Ali Road, Mumbai
– Anjuman-I-Islam J.M.C Night High School, Maulana Shaukat Ali Rd, Two Tanks, Mumbai
– Anjuman-Islam’s Abdus Sattar Shuaib School, Maulana Shaukat Ali Rd., Mumbai
– Anjuman-I-Islam’s M.H.Saboo Siddik Tech.High School And Jr. College, Mumbai
– Anjuman-I-Islam’s Saif Tyabji Girls’ High School, J.B.B.Marg, Mumbai
– Anjuman-I-Islam’s Dr.M.I.Jamkhanawala Girls’ High School, Bandra West,Mumbai
– Anjuman-I-Islam’s Kurla Boys High School, Kurla West, Mumbai
– Anjuman-I –Islam’s Allana Girls’ High School, C.S.T. Rd, Mumbai
– Anjuman-I-Islam’s Begum Jamila Haji Abdul Haq High School For Girl’s, Versova, Mumbai
Anjuman – I – Islam’s Mustafa Faikh Urdu High School, Vashi, Navi Mumbai.
– Anjuman -I- Islam, Peermohamed High School , Pune
– Anjuman-I-Islam Public School, Panchgani
– Anjuman-I-Islam Allana English High School, Mumbai
– Anjuman-I-Islam Begum Sharifa Kalsekar English High School, Mumbai
– Anjuman-I-Islam Allana English High School Kurla, Mumbai
– Anjuman-I-Islam High School (English Medium), Versova, Mumbai
– Anjuman-I-Islam Abdul Azim Khatkhatay English Secondary School
– Anjuman-I-Islam Ahmed Peermohammed English Medium High School
List of Junior Colleges
Anjuman-I-Islam’s Akbar Peerbhoy College Of Commerce & Economics. Maulana Shaukat Ali Road, Mumbai
Anjuman-I-Islam’s M.H.Saboo Siddik Tech.High School And Jr.College, Mumbai
Anjuman-I-Islam’s Saif Tyabji Girls’ High School & Junior College of Arts & Science, J.B.B. Marg, Mumbai
Anjuman –I-Islam’s M.H.Jr. College Of Education For Women. Lady Jamshedji Road, Mumbai
Anjuman-I-Islam’s Dr.M.I Jamkhanawala Girls’ Jr.CollegeOf Sc. & Com.,Bandra West,Mumbai
Anjuman-I-Islam Junior College of Science & Commerce, CST, Mumbai
Anjuman-I-Islam Begum Jamila Haji Abdul Haq College of Home Science (Jr. College), Versova, Mumbai
Anjuman-I-Islam Allana Jr. College of Commerce, Science & Arts, Kurla, Mumbai
Anjuman-I-Islam Mustafa Fakih Jr. College of Commerce & Science, Vashi, Mumbai
Anjuman-I-Islam Peermohamed Jr. College of Arts and Commerce, Pune
List of Degree Colleges
Anjuman-i-Islam’s Akbar Peerbhoy College of Commerce and Economics, Maulana Shaukat Ali Road, Mumbai
Anjuman-I-Islam’s Dr. M.Ishaq Jamkhanawala Tibbia Unani Medical College & Haji A.R. Kalsekar Tibbia Hospital
Anjuman-i-Islam’s Complex, Andheri [W], Mumbai
Anjuman-i-Islam’s College of Hotel & Tourism Mgt. Studies & Research, CST, Mumbai
Anjuman-i-Islam’s Allana Institute of Mgt. Studies & A.K. Hafizka Institute of Hotel Mgt. & Catering Technology, CST, Mumbai
Anjuman-i-Islam’s M. H. Saboo Siddik College of Engineering, Byculla, Mumbai
Anjuman-i-Islam’s Akbar Peerbhoy College of Education, (B.Ed.), Vashi, Mumbai
Anjuman-i-Islam’s Allana Institute of Management Studies, CST, Mumbai
Anjuman-i-Islam’s Begum Jamila Haji Abdul Haq College of Home Science, CST, Mumbai
Anjuman-i-Islam’s Kalsekar Technical Campus – School of Architecture, New Panvel
Anjuman-i-Islam’s Technical Campus – School of Engineering & Technology, New Panvel
Anjuman-i-Islam’s Kalsekar Technical Campus – School of Pharmacy, New Panvel
Anjuman-i-Islam’s College of Hospitality Mgt. Studies (Affiliated to Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University Nasik) -YCMOU, CST, Mumbai
Anjuman-i-Islam’s M.H.Saboo Siddik Polytecnic, Byculla, Mumbai
Anjuman-i-Islam’s Akbar Peerbhoy Girls Polytechnic, CST, Mumbai
Anjuman-i-Islam’s Polytechnic for Girls ,Pune
Anjuman-i-Islam’s Abdul Razzak Kalsekar Polytechnic, New Panvel
Anjuman-i-Islam’s M. H. Saboo Siddik Industrial Training Institute, Byculla, Mumbai
Anjuman-i-Islam’s M.H.S.S. Polytechnic Extension Centre, Solapur
Anjuman-i-Islam’s Homai Peerbhoy Computer Centre, CST, Mumbai
Anjuman-i-Islam’s Computer Training Center, C.S.T., Mumbai
Anjuman-i-Islam’s M.H.S.S. Computer Center for Hardware & Networking, Byculla, Mumbai
Anjuman-i-Islam’s A.E. Kalsekar Hospital, Andheri, Mumbai
Anjuman-i-Islam’s Urdu Research Institute, CST, Mumbai
Anjuman-i-Islam’s Adabi Printing Press, Byculla, Mumbai
Anjuman-i-Islam’s Karimi Library, CST, Mumbai
List of Hostels
Anjuman-I-Islam Sobani Hostel, CST, Mumbai
Anjuman-I-Islam Akbar Peerbhoy Girls Hostel, Andheri, Mumbai
List of Orphanages
Anjuman-I-Islam A.D. Bawla Female Orphanage, Versova, Mumbai
Anjuman-I-Islam Vali Mohd. & Dost Mohd. Peer Mohd. Girls Orphanage, Pune
Anjuman-I-Islam Boys Orphanage, Mumbra, Mumbai
List of Shara Units
Anjuman-I-Islam Sahara Mahim Unit (Center for Distress Women & Families), Mahim, Mumbai
Anjuman-I-Islam Sahara Mumbra Unit (Center for Distress Women & Families), Mumbra, Mumbai